Recurrent miscarriage, or habitual pregnancy loss, is defined as three or more pregnancy losses and can be due to one or more of the following:
Genetic Problems: Problems with the genes or chromosomes of the baby are the most common reason for a first pregnancy loss. This often happens all of a sudden, by chance, in the embryo. This is usually less often the cause for women with repeated pregnancy loss.
Problems with the Uterus: Problems with the uterus make up for both first and second trimester pregnancy losses. Problems you are born with (congenital) include double uterus or uterine septum. Other problems are uterine polyps, fibroids and scar tissue inside the uterine cavity.
Incompetent Cervix: If you have an incompetent cervix, you will lose the pregnancy around 20 weeks. This problem can be treated with a stitch to help hold the cervix closed.
Exposure to Certain Chemicals: If you or your partner is exposed to certain chemicals, it could cause pregnancy loss. Some chemicals that may be linked to it include anesthetic gases (nitrous oxide), pesticides, formaldehyde, benzene, ethylene oxide, arsenic, lead, mercury and cadmium. You and your partner should talk with your health care provider about any chemicals in the workplace.
Endocrine Problems: Some endocrine problems have been linked to pregnancy loss. These include diabetes (that is not controlled), severe thyroid problems or luteal phase defect.
Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use: Smoking, drinking and illegal drug use can cause repeated pregnancy loss. You should not smoke. You should also avoid alcohol and drugs during pregnancy.
Immune Problem: An immune problem called antiphospholipid syndrome causes repeated pregnancy loss in some women. This problem can be treated with low-dose aspirin and heparin.
To schedule a consultation to discuss the work-up, diagnosis and treatment of recurrent miscarriage please call the office at 610-619-8300.